Pearl Harbor: Final Judgement: The Shocking True Story of the Military Intelligence Failure at Pearl Harbor and the Fourteen Men Responsible for the Disaster

By Bruce Lee, Henry C. Clausen

“We may have possessed the genius to damage the pink code, yet in 1941 we didn’t have the brains to grasp what to do with it.” —Henry C. Clausen, unique investigator for secretary of conflict Henry L. Stimson

On December 6, 1941, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, commander in leader of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, guaranteed his employees that the japanese wouldn't assault Pearl Harbor. the following morning, eastern providers steamed towards Hawaii to release probably the most devastating shock assaults within the heritage of struggle, proving the admiral disastrously unsuitable. instantly, an research begun into how the yank army might have been stuck so unaware.
 
the result of the preliminary research didn't implicate who used to be answerable for this intelligence debacle. Secretary of conflict Henry L. Stimson, understanding that high-ranking individuals of the army had supplied fake testimony, made up our minds to reopen the research via bringing in an unknown significant through the identify of Henry C. Clausen. Over the process ten months, from November 1944 to September 1945, Clausen led an exhaustive research. He logged greater than fifty-five thousand miles and interviewed over 100 army and civilian team of workers, eventually generating an eight-hundred-page file that introduced new proof to gentle. Clausen left no stone unturned in his dogged attempt to figure out who used to be actually answerable for the catastrophe at Pearl Harbor.
 
Pearl Harbor: ultimate Judgement finds the entire eye-opening information of Clausen’s research and is a damning account of huge intelligence failure. To this present day, the tale surrounding the japanese assault on Pearl Harbor stokes controversy and conspiracy theories. This e-book offers conclusive proof that exhibits how the U.S. army neglected such a lot of signs and the way it may possibly have shunned the occasions of that fateful day.
 

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As one other outcome, i used to be named via the pass judgement on recommend normal to a Presidential Appellate court docket, which President Roosevelt sought after organize to study the pains of 2 teams of German spies who have been captured after being landed in the US from U-boats. hence, I had the infrequent contrast of sitting in this Appellate court docket and listening to legal professional normal Tom Clark, who could later turn into a Justice of the ideal court docket, argue on behalf of the U.S. for confirmation of the spies’ convictions. The courtroom agreed that of the 8 spies who had testified opposed to their comrades must have their lives spared. the opposite six have been accomplished. in the meantime, by means of Joint solution on June thirteen, 1944, Congress directed that the Secretaries of battle and the army have been to enquire Pearl Harbor and court-martial any group of workers came upon accountable of dereliction of accountability, crime or offense opposed to the USA. The answer have been sparked through Senator Ferguson, who had testified in an ideal demeanour for me as a prosecution witness within the Lockland case. Having been desirous about the Lockland case, I understood the collective shudder that went in the course of the conflict and army departments while this Joint answer was once handed. It didn’t take lengthy for the folk who supported common brief and Admiral Kimmel to begin beating the drums on their behalf. problems with truth turned subordinate to political issues. So did the problem of nationwide safeguard. From a listing of names despatched ahead via leader of employees Marshall, Secretary Stimson appointed the recognized, or notorious, Pearl Harbor Board. It consisted of 3 basic officials whom Marshall had relieved of command at one time or one other. I thought of this to be a deadly mistake via Marshall on the outset. the 3 have been Lt. Gen. George Grunert, Maj. Gen. Walter H. Frank and Maj. Gen. Henry D. Russell. Col. Charles West used to be named Recorder for the courtroom; i used to be named Assistant Recorder. normal Frank asked that he be assisted by way of Col. Harry Toumlin, who were a patent legal professional in civilian perform sooner than the warfare. We have been granted a employees, headed through an enlisted guy named Montgomery, and a couple of secretaries. Our quarters have been within the outdated Munitions construction and particularly spartan. there has been one huge room for the generals, every one of whom had a table. The hearings themselves have been held in one other room, round a wide library desk. there has been an adjacent room for the secretaries and transcribers. subsequent to that was once one other room with desks for West and myself, plus desks for the aides-de-camp for 2 of the generals: Lt. Bob harm and Lt. Jim Murphy. The hearings all started on July 24, 1944, and Grunert, as Chairman, sat on the head of the library desk. To his correct have been normal Frank and Colonel Toumlin, plus the courtroom journalists. To his left have been basic Russell, Colonel West and myself. Grunert and Frank had their aides-de-camp seated at the back of them. on the foot of the desk used to be a solitary chair for the witness. in the course of the hearings, Grunert sat like an impressive Buddha, with 3 stars on his shoulders and a majestic array of ribbons on his chest attesting to his lengthy army occupation and recognized bravery in motion.

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